Selasa, 09 Maret 2010
Tiger or tigers belong in the animal kingdom phylum kordata (has a spinal cord), sub-phylum vertebrates (vertebrates), class of mammals (warm-blooded, furry with mammary glands), meat eaters (carnivores), the family Felidae (cat), Panthera genus, species tigris (tiger).
Tigers normally hunt large prey such as deer rather sambar, deer, pigs, deer, mouse deer, but will hunt small animals like hedgehogs when a rather large prey were not there.
The tiger is known as the largest cat, the tiger is basically similar to the lion in size, although a bit heavier. Different subspecies of tiger have different characteristics as well, in general male tigers weigh between 180 and 320 kg and females weigh between 120 and 180 kg. The length of males between 2.6 and 3.3 meters, while females between 2.3 and 2.75 meters. Among the living subspecies, Sumatran tigers are the smallest and the Siberian tiger most.
In most tiger stripes varies from brown to black. The shape and density of different lorengnya subspecies of one another, but almost all the tigers have more than 100 stripes. Javan tiger is now extinct may have stripes of even more. A unique pattern of each tiger's stripes, and can be used to distinguish one another, similar to the function used fingerprints to identify people. This is not, however, the recommended method of identification, difficulties related to recording the pattern of stripes on wild tigers. It seems the function of camouflage is to camouflage, to hide them from prey.
There are nine subspecies of tiger in the genus Panthera. Six of them were still alive today. The three remaining subspecies of tigers have been officially deemed extinct. Subspecies are still alive
* Indochina tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) - contained in the rain forest and meadow Malaysia, Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.
* Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) - located in the rain forests and grasslands of Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, and Nepal.
* South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) - who live in rain forests and grasslands central and western China.
* Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) - or also known as the Amur, Ussuri, Northeast China tiger, or Manchurian tiger. Siberian tigers live in rain forests and grasslands of China, North Korea, and Central Asia in Russia.
* The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) - who live only on Sumatra island.
* Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni) - who lived only in Peninsular Malaysia.
 Subspecies are already extinct
* Caspian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata) - an extinct around 1950. This Caspian tiger once roamed the rain forests and grasslands of Afghanistan, Iran, Mongolia, Turkey, central Asia and Russia region.
* Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) - an extinct around 1972. Javan tiger once roamed the rain forests of Java, Indonesia.
* Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica) - an extinct around 1937. Bali tiger once roamed the rain forest islands of Bali, Indonesia.